Straight, parallel, massive.
and upper arm: Long and broad. Tightly joined to the body, well-muscled.
Angle between shoulder blade and shoulder bone is approximately
Close-fitting to chest.
Strong and broad.
Slightly sloping. Broad and strong.
feet: Large, round, with taut, compact toes. Arched and hairy.
Elastic dark pads. Toenails are thick and strong, preferably dark-coloured.
Parallel, powerful, with moderate angulation.
Of medium length, broad, well-muscled.
thigh: Long, broad and muscular.
Broad and taut. The tibial-tarsus angle is about 140°.
pastern: Of medium length, massive, slightly obliquely set.
feet: Longer than the front feet, with taut, compact toes. Often
with single or double dewclaws. Good feathering between the toes.
Long reaching. Preferred movement is the springy trot.
Thick, elastic and closely-fitting. No flabs apart from a slight
dewlap along the lower (ventral) part of the neck. The nose leather
and the visible mucus membranes should be black-pigmented and for
red-white dogs should be brown.
Quality of hair: In terms of hair length there are two types
- length of coat on the body should measure over 12 cm.
shorthaired - length of coat on the body, neck and limbs measures
up to 12 cm.
Over the neck, withers, croup, at the back of legs, and on the tail
the hair is long and rough. The topcoat is straight and stiff. Over
the head and the front part of the legs the hair is short and close-fitting.
of hair: Two or tricolour, with spots. Most desired are clearly
defined dark spots on white or big white spots on dark.
at the withers:
Size: Males: 63-75 cm.
Bitches: 60-69 cm.
Males: 40-55 kg
Bitches: 30-45 kg
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault
and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should
be in exact proportion to its degree.
- head insufficiently massive and broad
- pointed muzzle
- stop insufficiently pronounced or too prominent
- occipital bone too protruded
- eyes protruded or round
- ears set high or not close-fitting to the head
- lack of pigmentation
- neck long or too short
- prominent dewlap on the neck
- narrow or shallow chest
- soft back
- rounded back
- tail low set
- crooked legs, O-shaped or X-shaped
- pasterns too sloping or straight
- hock angles sharp or straight
- brindle coloration
- black mask
- resemblance to other breeds: Caucasian Shepherd Dog, Central Asian
Shepherd Dog, Sharplaninets, Landseer, etc.
- undershot, with gap between the incisors of more than 3 mm.
- phlegmatic temperament
- timid temperament
- unreasonable aggressiveness
- missing teeth, apart from two of the first premolars (P1), two
of the second premolars (P2), or the two of the third molars (M3)
- one-colored coat
- straight tail
- soft and/or curly hair
- no undercoat
N.B. Male dogs should have two apparently normal testicles fully
descended into the scrotum.
Translated by:Elica Radeva