VALUABLE INDIGENOUS KARAKACHAN SPECIES
OF HORSE, SHEEP, AND DOG
WHY WE CARE AND WANT TO SAVE THEM
native Karakachan species of horse, sheep, and dog are among the
oldest of domestic animals in Europe, providing a genetic bridge
between modern high-productive breeds with their ancestral, undomesticated
ancestors. These three species were originally selected in a way
and under conditions that can not be repeated, creating animals
with extremely strong vitality and excellent adaptability to a variety
of living conditions. All three species exhibit a natural balance,
evidenced by their physical strength, structural proportions, solid
temperament, and legendary toughness. They rarely become ill and
are not dependent on any particular dietary regimen.
Karakachan horse, sheep, and dog must be preserved for several reasons.
First, they are a resource for veterinary researchers in the fields
of immunology, nutrition, reproduction, etc. Second, they are a
source of genetic material for the future of their species. Third,
they continue to play a crucial role in the economic livelihood
of local, low-productive mountainous regions. Last but not least,
the three Karakachan species are an integral part of Bulgarian culture
its credit, the Karakachan sheep is quite hardy, resistant to disease,
and capable of surviving severe mountainous terrain and conditions.
These sheep have adapted to
long treks on high mountain trails. Karakachan sheep wool is also
used to make traditional handicrafts and other products.
its credit, the Karakachan horse is irreplaceable in the mountains.
The horse is still used in the logging industry to carry wood down
to the settlements without damaging the integrity of natural forest
Inexpensive to maintain, these horses graze
year round; they do not require special winter housing or feeding.
Steady of foot and of temperament, the Karakachan horse is also
ideal for riding and recreation, particularly in mountain regions
where other breeds of horses are not so even-tempered.
its credit, the Karakachan dog has been both historically and traditionally
the only effective and most suitable protection against flock predators.
Despite the trend to turn other European livestock guardian dog
breeds into show dogs and family companions, the Karakachan dog
has not lost its instinct nor its irrefutable working abilities.
True to their purpose, these dogs are devoted
to their owner and selfless on the job.
reuse under the GFDL